Zyxin-Siah2-Lats2 axis mediates cooperation between Hippo and TGF-β signalling pathways

Biao Ma, Hongcheng Cheng, Ruize Gao, Chenglong Mu, Ling Chen, Shian Wu, Quan Chen, Yushan Zhu*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

73 Citations (Scopus)


The evolutionarily conserved Hippo pathway is a regulator that controls organ size, cell growth and tissue homeostasis. Upstream signals of the Hippo pathway have been widely studied, but how microenvironmental factors coordinately regulate this pathway remains unclear. In this study, we identify LIM domain protein Zyxin, as a scaffold protein, that in response to hypoxia and TGF-β stimuli, forms a ternary complex with Lats2 and Siah2 and stabilizes their interaction. This interaction facilitates Lats2 ubiquitination and degradation, Yap dephosphorylation and subsequently activation. We show that Zyxin is required for TGF-β and hypoxia-induced Lats2 downregulation and deactivation of Hippo signalling in MDA-MB-231 cells. Depletion of Zyxin impairs the capability of cell migration, proliferation and tumourigenesis in a xenograft model. Zyxin is upregulated in human breast cancer and positively correlates with histological stages and metastasis. Our study demonstrates that Zyxin-Lats2-Siah2 axis may serve as a potential therapeutic target in cancer treatment.

Original languageEnglish
Article number11123
JournalNature Communications
Publication statusPublished - 31 Mar 2016
Externally publishedYes


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