Fitness and lifestyle trackers raise the awareness for wearable sensors in medical applications for clinical trials and healthcare. Various functional impairments of patients with neurological diseases are an ideal target to generate wearable-derived and patient-centered parameters that have the potential to support prevention, prediction, diagnostic procedures and therapy monitoring during the clinical work-up; however, substantial differences between clinical grade wearables and fitness trackers have to be acknowledged. For the application in clinical trials or individualized patient care distinct technical and clinical validation trials have to be conducted. The different test environments under laboratory conditions during standardized tests or under unsupervised home monitoring conditions have to be included in the algorithmic processing of sensor raw data in order to enable a clinical decision support under real-life conditions. This article presents the general understanding of the technical application for the most relevant functional impairments in neurology. While wearables used for sleep assessment have already reached a high level of technological readiness due to the defined test environment (bed, sleep), other wearable applications, e.g. for gait and mobility during home monitoring require further research in order to transfer the technical capabilities into real-life patient care.
|Translated title of the contribution||Wearables in the treatment of neurological diseases—where do we stand today?|
|Number of pages||9|
|Publication status||Published - 1 Aug 2019|
- Big Data
- Gait analysis
- Mobile sensors
- Movement disorder