Wearable technology in orthopedic trauma surgery – An AO trauma survey and review of current and future applications

Benedikt J. Braun*, Bernd Grimm, Andrew M. Hanflik, Peter H. Richter, Sureshan Sivananthan, Seth Robert Yarboro, Meir T. Marmor

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

6 Citations (Scopus)


The use of wearable sensors to track activity is increasing. Therefore, a survey among AO Trauma members was conducted to provide an overview of their current utilization and determine future needs and directions. A cross sectional expert opinion survey was administered to members of AO Trauma. Respondents were surveyed concerning their experience, subspeciality, current use characteristics, as well as future needs concerning wearable technology. Three hundred and thirty-three survey sets were available for analysis (Response Rate 16.2%). 20.7% of respondents already use wearable technology as part of their clinical treatment. The most prevalent technology was accelerometry combined with smartphones (75.4%) to measure general patient activity. To facilitate the use of wearable technology in the future, the most pressing issues were cost, patient compliance and validity of results. Wearable activity monitors are currently being used in trauma surgery. Surgeons employing these technologies mostly measure simple activity or activity associated parameters. Cost was the greatest perceived barrier to implementation. Further research, especially concerning the interpretation of the outcome values obtained, is required to facilitate wearable activity monitoring as an objective patient outcome measurement tool.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1961-1965
Number of pages5
Issue number6
Early online date15 Mar 2022
Publication statusPublished - Jun 2022


  • AO Trauma
  • Survey
  • Wearable activity monitors


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