Turning analysis during standardized test using on-shoe wearable sensors in parkinson’s disease

Nooshin Haji Ghassemi*, Julius Hannink, Nils Roth, Heiko Gaßner, Franz Marxreiter, Jochen Klucken, Björn M. Eskofier

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

19 Citations (Scopus)


Mobile gait analysis systems using wearable sensors have the potential to analyze and monitor pathological gait in a finer scale than ever before. A closer look at gait in Parkinson’s disease (PD) reveals that turning has its own characteristics and requires its own analysis. The goal of this paper is to present a system with on-shoe wearable sensors in order to analyze the abnormalities of turning in a standardized gait test for PD. We investigated turning abnormalities in a large cohort of 108 PD patients and 42 age-matched controls. We quantified turning through several spatio-temporal parameters. Analysis of turn-derived parameters revealed differences of turn-related gait impairment in relation to different disease stages and motor impairment. Our findings confirm and extend the results from previous studies and show the applicability of our system in turning analysis. Our system can provide insight into the turning in PD and be used as a complement for physicians’ gait assessment and to monitor patients in their daily environment.

Original languageEnglish
Article number3103
Issue number14
Publication statusPublished - 2 Jul 2019
Externally publishedYes


  • Mobile gait analysis
  • Parkinson’s disease
  • Pathological gait
  • Turning analysis
  • Wearable sensors


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