Transcriptome Profiling of Adipose Tissue Reveals Depot-Specific Metabolic Alterations among Patients with Colorectal Cancer

Mariam Haffa, Andreana N. Holowatyj, Mario Kratz, Reka Toth, Axel Benner, Biljana Gigic, Nina Habermann, Petra Schrotz-King, Jürgen Böhm, Hermann Brenner, Martin Schneider, Alexis Ulrich, Esther Herpel, Peter Schirmacher, Beate K. Straub, Johanna Nattenmüller, Hans Ulrich Kauczor, Tengda Lin, Claudia R. Ball, Cornelia M. UlrichHanno Glimm, Dominique Scherer*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

13 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Context: Adipose tissue inflammation and dysregulated energy homeostasis are key mechanisms linking obesity and cancer. Distinct adipose tissue depots strongly differ in their metabolic profiles; however, comprehensive studies of depot-specific perturbations among patients with cancer are lacking. Objective: We compared transcriptome profiles of visceral adipose tissue (VAT) and subcutaneous adipose tissue (SAT) from patients with colorectal cancer and assessed the associations of different anthropometric measures with depot-specific gene expression. Design: Whole transcriptomes of VAT and SAT were measured in 233 patients from the ColoCare Study, and visceral and subcutaneous fat area were quantified via CT. Results: VAT compared with SAT showed elevated gene expression of cytokines, cell adhesion molecules, and key regulators of metabolic homeostasis. Increased fat area was associated with downregulated lipid and small molecule metabolism and upregulated inflammatory pathways in both compartments. Comparing these patterns between depots proved specific and more pronounced gene expression alterations in SAT and identified unique associations of integrins and lipid metabolism-related enzymes. VAT gene expression patterns that were associated with visceral fat area poorly overlapped with patterns associated with self-reported body mass index (BMI). However, subcutaneous fat area and BMI showed similar associations with SAT gene expression. Conclusions: This large-scale human study demonstrates pronounced disparities between distinct adipose tissue depots and reveals that BMI poorly correlates with fat mass-associated changes in VAT. Taken together, these results provide crucial evidence for the necessity to differentiate between distinct adipose tissue depots for a correct characterization of gene expression profiles that may affect metabolic health of patients with colorectal cancer.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)5225-5237
Number of pages13
JournalJournal of Clinical Endocrinology and Metabolism
Volume104
Issue number11
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Nov 2019
Externally publishedYes

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