The socioeconomic gradient in child health and noncognitive skills: Evidence from the Czech Republic

Liyousew G. Borga*, Daniel Münich, Lubomir Kukla

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

Abstract

We investigate the presence of a socioeconomic status (SES) gradient in children's health and noncognitive skill development, and its evolution with child age using cohort data from the Czech Republic. We show that family SES are positively associated with better child health. These effects start to emerge at age 3 and are persistent for all subsequent ages. We find a modest strengthening of the gradient as the children grow older. Similarly, at the lowest distribution of average family income, children lag in their noncognitive skills. We find evidence that children enter school with substantial differences in noncognitive skill endowments based on family SES. This correlation persists when controlling for poor health at birth, the roles of specific and chronic health problems, housing conditions, and partner characteristics. Maternal health status explains some of the association between family income and child noncognitive skills. We account for the endogeniety of SES and non-linearities in measures.

Original languageEnglish
Article number101075
JournalEconomics and Human Biology
Volume43
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Dec 2021
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Child health
  • Education
  • Income gradient
  • Noncognitive skills
  • Socioeconomic status

Fingerprint

Dive into the research topics of 'The socioeconomic gradient in child health and noncognitive skills: Evidence from the Czech Republic'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this