An induction of laminin in the confrontation zone between tumor cells and normal brain tissue has been observed in our model systems in vivo and in vitro. In order to study the effects of ECM components on glioma-cell migration and invasion, we have used 2 lacZ-transfected glioma cell lines, ANI/lacZ and U-251/lacZ. Cell migration from multicellular spheroids was studied using different types of media: DMEM with 10% serum, Ultra Culture medium, and filtrated DMEM with serum in which the protein fraction > 100 kDa had been removed by ultrafiltration. Laminin, fibronectin and collagen typ-IV were individually added to the different media, and cell migration from the spheroids was studied. The results show that cell migration in both cell lines, was stimulated by laminin and fibronectin. Collagen type-IV stimulated only cell migration of U-251/lacZ cells. Scanning electron microscopy revealed an extensive change in cell shape as a result of laminin stimulation. Flow-cytometric studies showed that both ANI/lacZ and U-251/lacZ strongly express the α3β1 integrin receptor, which can bind to several ECM components (laminin, fibronectin, collagen). Immunofluorescence microscopy demonstrated that the same integrin sub-units were expressed in multicellular spheroids. When monoclonal antibodies to α3 and β1 were added to the laminin-stimulated cultures, cell migration was significantly reduced. This indicates that the α3β1 integrin receptor plays an important role during glioma-cell migration.
|Number of pages||8|
|Journal||International Journal of Cancer|
|Publication status||Published - 1996|