In high tibial closing-wedge osteotomies (HTO), closure of an osteotomy gap after resection of a bony wedge can be associated with a fissure of the medial cortex of the tibial head (MCT). The effect of a broken MCT on the recurrence of varus deformity is disputed. In this study, serial roentgen stereometric analysis (RSA) was used to determine the fixation stability of a rigid internal "L" plate after HTO. Full weight lower limb radiographs were used to determine the sagittal alignment in patients with varying degrees of varus malalignment and correction over time. Forty-two patients with varus gonarthrosis stage I-III (Ahlback) were treated with HTO and internal fixation with an L-shaped rigid plate. Patients were followed by serial RSA, conventional radiographs, and clinical evaluation (Hospital of Special Surgery score) over a 12-month period. In 19 of 42 successive patients, an average wedge size of 6.9° was resected leaving the MCT intact (group 1). In 23 of 42 of patients, the MCT was unintentionally fissured during surgery when an average 103°-wedge was resected (group 2). In group 2, RSA revealed a fivefold increase in lateral displacement of the distal tibial segment within 3 weeks after HTO. Twelve weeks after HTO, translations between tibial segments were below the accuracy of the RSA setup in the majority of patients. Group 1 patients demonstrated a higher initial fixation stability, less occurrence of varus deformity, and a higher HSS score compared to patients with larger wedge sizes and frequent fracture of the MCT (group 2). Before bone healing is achieved, the integrity of the MCT plays a crucial role for the clinical and radiological outcome after HTO.
|Translated title of the contribution||Stability, bone healing, and alignment loss after closing-wedge high tibial osteotomy - A roentgen stereometric analysis|
|Number of pages||10|
|Publication status||Published - Feb 2004|
- High tibial osteotomy
- Loss of correction