Safety of partially hydrolysed protein from spent barley (Hordeum vulgare) and rice (Oryza sativa) as a novel food pursuant to Regulation (EU) 2015/2283

Dominique Turck, Margarita Aguilera-Gómez, Torsten Bohn, Jacqueline Castenmiller, Stefaan De Henauw, Karen Ildico Hirsch-Ernst, Alexandre Maciuk, Inge Mangelsdorf, Harry J. McArdle, Androniki Naska, Carmen Pelaez, Kristina Pentieva, Alfonso Siani, Frank Thies, Sophia Tsabouri, Marco Vinceti, Francesco Cubadda, Thomas Frenzel, Marina Heinonen, Miguel Prieto MaradonaRosangela Marchelli, Monika Neuhäuser-Berthold, Morten Poulsen, Alexandros Siskos, Josef Rudolf Schlatter, Henk van Loveren, Panagiota Zakidou, Vânia Mendes, Ermolaos Ververis, Helle Katrine Knutsen, EFSA Panel on Nutrition, Novel Foods and Food Allergens (NDA)

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearch

2 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Following a request from the European Commission, the EFSA Panel on Nutrition, Novel Foods and Food Allergens (NDA) was asked to deliver an opinion on partially hydrolysed protein from spent barley (Hordeum vulgare) and rice (Oryza sativa) as a novel food (NF) pursuant to Regulation (EU) 2015/2283. The NF is produced by enzymatically treating the pasteurised spent barley and rice residues of the mash step of beer production. Several mechanical treatment steps of the partial hydrolysate are employed to obtain the final product. The NF consists mainly of partially-hydrolysed proteins from spent barley and rice and it is in powdered form. The Panel notes that there are no safety concerns regarding the stability of the NF if the NF complies with the proposed specification limits during its entire shelf life of 15 months. The NF is proposed to be used as an ingredient in various foods such as dairy products, bakery products, pasta, fruit and vegetable spreads, snacks, and single meal replacements for weight reduction. The target population is the general population. Considering protein quality aspects, the Panel concludes that the NF is not a suitable protein source for the nutrition of infants. The Panel notes that, considering the composition of the NF, the proposed conditions of use and that the NF will not be the sole source of dietary protein, the consumption of the NF is not nutritionally disadvantageous. Taking into account the production process, the extensive compositional characterisation of the NF and the history of use of the source the Panel considers that no toxicological studies are required on the NF. Moreover, the Panel considers that the NF has the potential capacity to sensitise individuals and to induce allergic reactions in individuals allergic to barley and rice. With the exception of possible allergenicity, the Panel concludes that the NF is safe under the proposed uses and use levels.

Original languageEnglish
Article numbere08064
JournalEFSA Journal
Volume21
Issue number9
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Sept 2023

Keywords

  • barley
  • food by-products
  • food safety
  • Hordeum vulgare
  • novel foods
  • Oryza sativa
  • rice

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