Safety of Lemna minor and Lemna gibba whole plant material as a novel food pursuant to Regulation (EU) 2015/2283.

Dominique Turck, Torsten Bohn, Jacqueline Castenmiller, Stefaan De Henauw, Karen Ildico Hirsch-Ernst, Alexandre Maciuk, Inge Mangelsdorf, Harry J. McArdle, Androniki Naska, Carmen Pelaez, Kristina Pentieva, Alfonso Siani, Frank Thies, Sophia Tsabouri, Marco Vinceti, Francesco Cubadda, Thomas Frenzel, Marina Heinonen, Miguel Prieto Maradona, Rosangela MarchelliMonika Neuhäuser-Berthold, Morten Poulsen, Josef Rudolf Schlatter, Henk van Loveren, Eirini Kouloura, Helle Katrine Knutsen, EFSA Panel on Nutrition, Novel Foods and Food Allergens (NDA)

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearch

4 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Following a request from the European Commission, the EFSA Panel on Nutrition, Novel Foods and Food Allergens (NDA) was asked to deliver an opinion on Lemna minor and Lemna gibba whole plant material as a novel food (NF) pursuant to Regulation (EU) 2015/2283. Lemna minor and Lemna gibba are aquatic plants commonly named water lentils. The NF is produced by cultivation of Lemna minor and Lemna gibba plants, washing with water and heat treatment. The main constituents of the NF are water, protein and fibre. The Panel notes that the concentration of trace elements and contaminants in the NF is highly dependent on the conditions of cultivation of the plant and the fertiliser composition. The NF is intended to be used as a vegetable, similar to other leafy vegetables. The target population is the general population. The Panel considers that, with the exception of concerns related to the manganese intake, taking into account the composition of the NF and the proposed conditions of use, the consumption of the NF is not nutritionally disadvantageous. The Panel considers that the risk that the consumption of the NF may trigger allergic reactions in humans is low. The Panel concludes that the NF, in consideration of its proposed uses and the concentration of manganese as compared to the normally present concentration of manganese in other leafy vegetables, may be of safety concern, therefore, the safety of the NF cannot currently be established.

Original languageEnglish
Article numbere07598
JournalEFSA Journal
Volume20
Issue number11
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 30 Nov 2022

Keywords

  • Lemna gibba
  • Lemna minor
  • novel food
  • plant
  • water lentils

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