Saccharomyces cerevisiae: First steps to a suitable model system to study the function and intracellular transport of human kidney anion exchanger 1

Hasib A.M. Sarder, Xiaobing Li, Charlotta Funaya, Emmanuelle Cordat, Manfred J. Schmitt*, Björn Becker

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

4 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Saccharomyces cerevisiae has been frequently used to study biogenesis, functionality, and intracellular transport of various renal proteins, including ion channels, solute transporters, and aquaporins. Specific mutations in genes encoding most of these renal proteins affect kidney function in such a way that various disease phenotypes ultimately occur. In this context, human kidney anion exchanger 1 (kAE1) represents an important bicarbonate/chloride exchanger which maintains the acid-base homeostasis in the human body. Malfunctions in kAE1 lead to a pathological phenotype known as distal renal tubular acidosis (dRTA). Here, we evaluated the potential of baker's yeast as a model system to investigate different cellular aspects of kAE1 physiology. For the first time, we successfully expressed yeast codonoptimized full-length versions of tagged and untagged wild-type kAE1 and demonstrated their partial localization at the yeast plasma membrane (PM). Finally, pH and chloride measurements further suggest biological activity of full-length kAE1, emphasizing the potential of S. cerevisiae as a model system for studying trafficking, activity, and/or degradation of mammalian ion channels and transporters such as kAE1 in the future.

Original languageEnglish
Article numbere00802
JournalmSphere
Volume5
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2020
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Anion exchange
  • Electron microscopy
  • Heterologous expression
  • Kidney anion exchanger 1 (kAE1)
  • Model organism
  • PH
  • Plasma membrane transport
  • S. cerevisiae

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