Accumulating reports demonstrate that apoptosis does not explain all the effects of cancer therapy due to the innate and acquired apoptotic resistance of malignant cancer cells. Recently, paraptosis, a type of programmed cell death accompanied by dilation of mitochondria and/or the endoplasmic reticulum (ER), has garnered interest in cancer research as an alternative way to kill apoptosis-resistant cancers. We describe here the adaptation and validation of a high-content cell-based assay to screen and identify novel paraptotic regulators employing the malignant breast cancer cells undergoing curcumin-induced paraptosis. We used YFP-Mito cells, which express fluorescence selectively in mitochondria, to select paraptosis-related genes whose corresponding siRNAs appeared to modulate mitochondrial dilation, a morphological feature of paraptosis. From the selected 38 candidate genes, we chose ubiquitin specific peptidase 10 (USP10), a ubiquitin specific protease, as a strongly active candidate that warranted further evaluation of its involvement in paraptosis. We found that both siRNA-mediated knockdown of USP10 and treatment with the USP10 inhibitor, spautin-1, effectively attenuated curcumin-induced paraptosis. This systematic assay, in which a siRNA library is screened for the ability to ameliorate paraptotic changes in mitochondria, may enable researchers to identify potent regulators of paraptosis and new candidate genes/drugs to combat malignant breast cancer.