Response to olaparib in a PALB2 germline mutated prostate cancer and genetic events associated with resistance

Peter Horak*, Joachim Weischenfeldt, Gunhild Von Amsberg, Burkhard Beyer, Andreas Schütte, Sebastian Uhrig, Laura Gieldon, Barbara Klink, Lars Feuerbach, Daniel Hübschmann, Simon Kreutzfeldt, Christoph Heining, Sebastian Maier, Barbara Hutter, Roland Penzel, Matthias Schlesner, Roland Eils, Guido Sauter, Albrecht Stenzinger, Benedikt BrorsEvelin Schröck, Hanno Glimm, Stefan Fröhling, Thorsten Schlomm

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

28 Citations (Scopus)


Prostate cancers harboring DNA repair gene alterations are particularly sensitive to PARP inhibitor treatment. We report a case of an advanced prostate cancer patient profiled within the NCT-MASTER (Molecularly Aided Stratification for Tumor Eradication Research) precision oncology program using next-generation sequencing. Comprehensive genomic and transcriptomic analysis identified a pathogenic germline PALB2 variant as well as a mutational signature associated with disturbed homologous recombination together with structural genomic rearrangements. A molecular tumor board identified a potential benefit of targeted therapy and recommended PARP inhibition and platinum-based chemotherapy. Single-agent treatment with the PARP inhibitor olaparib as well as subsequent combination with platinum-based chemotherapy resulted in disease stabilization and substantial improvement of clinical symptoms. Upon progression, we performed whole-exome and RNA sequencing of a liver metastasis, which demonstrated up-regulation of several genes characteristic for the neuroendocrine prostate cancer phenotype as well as a novel translocation resulting in an in-frame, loss-of-function fusion of RB1. We suggest that multidimensional genomic characterization of prostate cancer patients undergoing PARP inhibitor therapy will be necessary to capture and understand predictive biomarkers of PARP inhibitor sensitivity and resistance.

Original languageEnglish
Article numbera003657
JournalCold Spring Harbor molecular case studies
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - 2019
Externally publishedYes


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