Relationship between entomological inoculation rate, Plasmodium falciparum prevalence rate, and incidence of malaria attack in rural Gabon

N. Elissa, F. Migot-Nabias, A. Luty, A. Renaut, F. Touré, M. Vaillant, M. Lawoko, P. Yangari, J. Mayombo, F. Lekoulou, P. Tshipamba, R. Moukagni, P. Millet, P. Deloron*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

35 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

To assess the relationships between variations of Plasmodium falciparum transmission and those of peripheral parasitaemia prevalence or malaria attack incidence rates in regions with limited fluctuations of transmission, we conducted a follow-up in two Gabonese populations. Entomological surveys were carried out from May 1995 to April 1996 in Dienga, and from May 1998 to April 1999 in Benguia. In Dienga, malaria transmission was seasonal, being not detected during two 3-month periods. Mean entomological inoculation rate (EIR) was 0.28 infective bite/person/night. In Benguia, malaria transmission was perennial with seasonal fluctuations, mean EIR being 0.76 infective bite/person/night. In Dienga, 301 schoolchildren were followed from October 1995 to March 1996. Clinical malaria attack was defined as fever associated with >5000 parasites/μl of blood. P. falciparum prevalence varied from 28 to 42%, and monthly malaria attack incidence from 30 to 169‰. In Benguia, the entire population (122 persons) was followed from November 1998 to April 1999. Prevalence varied from 22 to 50%, and monthly malaria attack incidence from 52 to 179‰. In each area, entomological variations were not related to parasite prevalence, but preceded malaria attack incidence with 1- or 2-month time lag, corresponding to the pre-patency period that differs in the two populations, possibly according to differences in immunity related to parasite transmission.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)355-361
Number of pages7
JournalActa Tropica
Volume85
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Mar 2003
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Anopheles
  • Gabon
  • Malaria
  • Malaria attack incidence
  • Parasite prevalence
  • Plasmodium falciparum
  • Transmission

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