Quantification of 10 steroid hormones in human saliva from Chinese adult volunteers

Jian Liu, Xuemei Qiu, Daoming Wang, Yantao Li, Yang Zong, Yichen Liu, Yue Zhang, Ping Yang, Yong Zuo, Huanming Yang, Jian Wang, Yutao Du, Jin Zi*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

13 Citations (Scopus)


Objective: This study was performed to investigate the effects of age and sex on 10 salivary steroid hormones and analyze the correlations between salivary and plasma hormones. Methods: The concentrations of 10 salivary steroid hormones in 1090 Chinese adult volunteers were examined using liquid chromatography–tandem mass spectrometry, and a related investigation was performed on the concentrations of salivary hormones in this population. Results: The concentrations of androstenedione (A4), 17α-hydroxyprogesterone (17-OHP), aldosterone (ALD), cortisone (COR), corticosterone (CORT), cortisol (F), progesterone (P), and testosterone were significantly different between men and women (Student’s t-test). Differences in 17-OHP and ALD concentrations were highly significant between women in the follicular and luteal phases of their menstrual cycle (Student’s t-test). Five salivary steroid hormones (17-OHP, A4, CORT, COR, and F) significantly decreased with increasing age (Kruskal–Wallis test). A high linear correlation between salivary and plasma 17-OHP, P, A4, and F were observed with obvious sex-related differences (Pearson’s correlation, r > 0.7). Conclusions: Our results provide important knowledge regarding the descriptive characteristics of salivary hormones in relation to age and sex and their correlations with plasma hormones.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1414-1427
Number of pages14
JournalJournal of International Medical Research
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - 1 Apr 2018
Externally publishedYes


  • Chinese
  • LC-MS/MS
  • Saliva
  • age
  • plasma
  • sex
  • steroid hormones


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