Primary çjlioblastoma cultures: Can profiling of stem cell markers predict radiotherapy sensitivity?

Dieter Lemke, Markus Weiler, Jonas Blaes, Benedikt Wiestler, Leonie Jestaedt, Ann Catherine Klein, Sarah Low, Günter Eisele, Bernhard Radlwimmer, David Capper, Kirsten Schmieder, Michel Mittelbronn, Stephanie E. Combs, Martin Bendszus, Michael Weller, Michael Platten, Wolfgang Wick*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

38 Citations (Scopus)


Human glioblastomas may be hierarchically organized. Within this hierarchy, glioblastoma-initiating cells have been proposed to be more resistant to radiochemotherapy and responsible for recurrence. Here, established stem cell markers and stem cell attributed characteristics such as self-renewal capacity and tumorigenicity have been profiled in primary glioblastoma cultures to predict radiosensitivity. Furthermore, the sensitivity to radiotherapy of different subpopulations within a single primary glioblastoma culture was analyzed by a flow cytometric approach using Nestin, SRY (sex-determining region Y)-box 2 (SOX2) and glial fibrillary acidic protein. The protein expression of Nestin and SOX2 as well as themRNAlevels of Musashi1, L1 cell adhesion molecule, CD133, Nestin, and pleiomorphic adenoma gene-like 2 inversely correlated with radioresistance in regard to the clonogenic potential. Only CD44 protein expression correlated positively with radioresistance. In terms of proliferation, Nestin protein expression and Musashi1, pleiomorphic adenoma gene-like 2, and CD133 mRNA levels are inversely correlated with radioresistance. Higher expression of stem cell markers does not correlate with resistance to radiochemotherapy in the cancer genome atlas glioblastoma collective. SOX2 expressing subpopulations exist within single primary glioblastoma cultures. These subpopulations predominantly form the proliferative pool of the primary cultures and are sensitive to irradiation. Thus, profiling of established stem cell markers revealed a surprising result. Except CD44, the tested stem cell markers showed an inverse correlation between expression and radioresistance.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)251-264
Number of pages14
JournalJournal of Neurochemistry
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - Oct 2014
Externally publishedYes


  • CD133
  • Glioma-initiating cells
  • Profiling
  • Radiotherapy sensitivity
  • SOX2
  • Stem cell markers


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