Poultry Meat allergy: a Review of Allergens and Clinical Phenotypes

Naphisabet Wanniang, Françoise Codreanu-Morel, Annette Kuehn*, Martine Morisset

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

Abstract

Purpose of review: In the recent years, more cases of poultry meat allergy, both IgE- or non-IgE-mediated, are being reported. Patients have varied clinical reactivity at various levels of sensitivity to different meat preparations. The lack of validated biomarkers renders accurate diagnosis challenging. In this review, we aim to provide an overview of the current status of poultry meat allergy along with a description on the allergens implicated. Recent findings: Poultry meat allergy occurs as a result of cross-reactions with known allergens of egg yolk or bird feathers or as genuine IgE-mediated sensitivity to allergens in poultry meat. Individuals can also develop non-IgE-mediated hypersensitivity reactions to poultry meat. Chicken serum albumin is the main responsible allergen in secondary cases, while myosin light chain, α parvalbumin, enolase, aldolase, hemoglobin, and α-actin have been recognized as potential eliciting allergens in genuine poultry meat allergy. Summary: There is a wide phenotypic variation among patients with poultry meat allergy, regarding clinical severity and cross-reactivity features. Recognizing the various clinical entities of reactions to poultry meat is an important step towards accurate diagnosis and providing management options that are well received by patients.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)187-203
JournalCurrent Treatment Options in Allergy
Volume9
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 27 Jun 2022

Keywords

  • Allergen
  • Component-resolved diagnosis
  • EoE
  • FPIES
  • Meat allergy
  • Poultry meat allergy

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