Assessing the role of α-hexabromocyclododecane α-HBCDD as a factor of susceptibility for Autism Spectrum disorders by using valproic acid-exposed rat model (VPA) required characterizing VPA pharmacokinetic in the context of α-HBCDD-co-exposure in non-pregnant and pregnant rats. The animals were exposed to α-HBCDD by gavage (100 ng/kg/day) for 12 days. This was followed by a single intraperitoneal dose of VPA (500 mg/kg) or a daily oral dose of VPA (500 mg/kg) for 3 days. Exposure to α-HBCDD did not affect the pharmacokinetics of VPA in pregnant or non-pregnant rats. Surprisingly, VPA administration altered the pharmacokinetics of α-HBCDD. VPA also triggered higher foetal toxicity and lethality with the PO than IP route. α-HBCDD did not aggravate the embryotoxicity observed with VPA, regardless of the route of exposure. Based on this evidence, a single administration of 500 mg/kg IP is the most suitable VPA model to investigate α-HBCDD co-exposure.
- Autism spectrum disorders (ASD)
- CYP450 metabolism
- Foetal toxicity
- Valproic acid model (VPA-model)
- α-hexabromocyclododecane (α-HBCDD)