A systematic phytochemical investigation of the aerial parts of Abies georgei yielded nine new and 72 known compounds, including four monoterpenes, four sesquiterpenes, 25 flavonones, 14 lignans, and 34 other chemical constituents. The new compounds included two monoterpenes (1 and 2), two sesquiterpenes (3 and 4), three flavonones (5, 6, and 7), and two other components (8 and 9). Their chemical structures were established on the basis of various spectroscopic data. All the isolates were tested for antitumor and anti-inflammatory activities. The new compound 9,4-dihydroxy-5,7-dimethoxy-8- methylchalcone (7) demonstrated a moderate antiproliferative effect on QGY-7703 tumor cells (IC17.6g/mL). The known compound isoferulaldehyde (67) exhibited the strongest inhibitory activity against lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-induced NO production in RAW 264.7 macrophages (IC19.0g/mL). Abies georgei may be a significant source of beneficial pharmaceutical compounds.
|Number of pages||7|
|Publication status||Published - 2011|
- Abies georgei
- nitric oxide (NO)