Mechanical Overloading Increases Maximal Force and Reduces Fragility in Hind Limb Skeletal Muscle from Mdx Mouse

Arnaud Ferry*, Ara Parlakian, Pierre Joanne, Bodvael Fraysse, Takouhie Mgrditchian, Pauline Roy, Denis Furling, Gillian Butler-Browne, Onnik Agbulut

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

11 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

There is fear that mechanical overloading (OVL; ie, high-force contractions) accelerates Duchenne muscular dystrophy. Herein, we determined whether short-term OVL combined with wheel running, short-term OVL combined with irradiation, and long-term OVL are detrimental for hind limb mdx mouse muscle, a murine model of Duchene muscular dystrophy exhibiting milder dystrophic features. OVL was induced by the surgical ablation of the synergic muscles of the plantaris muscle, a fast muscle susceptible to contraction-induced muscle damage in mdx mice. We found that short-term OVL combined with wheel and long-term OVL did not worsen the deficit in specific maximal force (ie, absolute maximal force normalized to muscle size) and histological markers of muscle damage (percentage of regenerating fibers and fibrosis) in mdx mice. Moreover, long-term OVL did not increase the alteration in calcium homeostasis and did not deplete muscle cell progenitors expressing Pax 7 in mdx mice. Irradiation before short-term OVL, which is believed to inhibit muscle regeneration, was not more detrimental to mdx than control mice. Interestingly, short-term OVL combined with wheel and long-term OVL markedly improved the susceptibility to contraction-induced damage, increased absolute maximal force, induced hypertrophy, and promoted a slower, more oxidative phenotype. Together, these findings indicate that OVL is beneficial to mdx muscle, and muscle regeneration does not mask the potentially detrimental effect of OVL.

Original languageEnglish
Article number2048
Pages (from-to)2012-2024
Number of pages13
JournalAmerican Journal of Pathology
Volume185
Issue number7
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jul 2015
Externally publishedYes

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