Loss of α6 integrins in keratinocytes leads to an increase in TGFβ and AP1 signaling and in expression of differentiation genes

Sophie Rodius, Gitali Indra, Christelle Thibault, Véronique Pfister, Elisabeth Georges-Labouesse*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

29 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Mice lacking the α6 integrin chain die at birth with severe skin blistering. To further study the function of α6 integrin in skin, we generated conditionally immortalized cell lines from the epidermis of wild-type and α6 deficient mouse embryos. Mutant cells presented a decreased adhesion on laminin 5, the major component of the basement membrane in the skin, and on laminins 10/11 and 2. A DNA array analysis revealed alterations in the expression of extracellular matrix (ECM) components including laminin 5, cytoskeletal elements, but also membrane receptors like the hemidesmosomal components integrin β4 and collagen XVII, or growth factors and signaling molecules of the TGFβ, EGF, and Wnt pathways. Finally, an increase of several epidermal differentiation markers was observed in cells and tissue at the protein level. Further examination of the mutant tissue revealed alterations in the filaggrin signal. These differences may be linked to an upregulation of the TGFβ and the Jun/Fos pathways in mutant keratinocytes. These results are in favor of a role for integrin α6β4 in the maintenance of basal keratinocyte properties and epidermal homeostasis.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)439-449
Number of pages11
JournalJournal of Cellular Physiology
Volume212
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Aug 2007
Externally publishedYes

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