Local endostatin treatment of gliomas administered by microencapsulated producer cells

Tracy Ann Read*, Dag R. Sorensen, Rupavathana Mahesparan, Per Enger, Rupert Timpl, Bjørn R. Olsen, Mari H.B. Hjelstuen, Olav Haraldseth, Rolf Bjerkvig

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

272 Citations (Scopus)


We describe a technique for the treatment of malignant brain tumors based on local delivery of the anti-angiogenic protein endostatin from genetically engineered cells encapsulated in ultrapure sodium alginate. Alginate consists of L-guluronic and D-mannuronic acid, which in the presence of divalent cations forms an extended gel network, in which cells reside and remain immunoisolated, when implanted into the rat brain. Here, we show that endostatin-transfected cells encapsulated in alginate maintain endostatin secretion for at least four months after intracerebral implantation in rats. During the implantation period 70% of the encapsulated cells remained viable, as opposed to 85% in in vitro-cultured capsules. Rats that received transplants of BT4C glioma cells, together with endostatin-producing capsules (0.2 μg/ml per capsule), survived 84% longer than the controls. The endostatin released from the capsules led to an induction of apoptosis, hypoxia, and large necrotic avascular areas within 77% of the treated tumors, whereas all the controls were negative. The encapsulation technique may be used for many different cell lines engineered to potentially interfere with the complex microenvironment in which tumor and normal cells reside. The present work may thus provide the basis for new therapeutic approaches toward brain tumors.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)29-34
Number of pages6
JournalNature Biotechnology
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 2001
Externally publishedYes


  • Alginate
  • Brain tumors
  • Encapsulation
  • Producer cells


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