Lighting up the fire in cold tumors to improve cancer immunotherapy by blocking the activity of the autophagy-related protein PIK3C3/VPS34

Bassam Janji*, Meriem Hasmim, Santiago Parpal, Angelo De Milito, Guy Berchem, Muhammad Zaeem Noman

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalComment/debate

9 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Cancer immunotherapy based on Immune checkpoint blockade (ICB) is a promising strategy to treat patients with advanced highly aggressive therapy-resistant tumors. Unfortunately, the clinical reality is that only a small number of patients benefit from the remarkable clinical remissions achieved by ICB. Experimental and clinical evidence claimed that durable clinical benefit observed using ICB depends on the immune status of tumors, notably the presence of cytotoxic effector immune cells. In our paper, we revealed that genetically targeting the autophagy-related protein PIK3C3/VPS34 in melanoma and colorectal tumor cells, or treating tumor-bearing mice with selective inhibitors of the PIK3C3/VPS34 kinase activity, reprograms cold immune desert tumors into hot, inflamed immune infiltrated tumors. Such reprograming results from the establishment of a proinflammatory signature characterized by the release of CCL5 and CXCL10 in the tumor microenvironment, and the subsequent recruitment of natural killer (NK) and CD8+ T cells into the tumor bed. Furthermore, we reported that combining pharmacological inhibitors of PIK3C3/VPS34 improves the therapeutic benefit of anti-PD-1/PD-L1 immunotherapy. Our results provided the proof-of-concept to set-up innovative clinical trials for cold ICB-unresponsive tumors by combining PIK3C3/VPS34 inhibitors with anti-PDCD1/PD-1 and anti-CD274/PD-L1.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2110-2111
Number of pages2
JournalAutophagy
Volume16
Issue number11
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Nov 2020

Keywords

  • Autophagy
  • NK and T CD8 cells
  • VPS34
  • cancer immunotherapy
  • cold/hot tumors
  • colorectal cancer
  • immune checkpoints
  • immune infiltration
  • melanoma
  • proinflammatory cytokines

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