Lateral–medial asymmetry of posterior tibial slope and small lateral tibial plateau articular surface depth are morphological factors of lateral meniscus posterior root tears in ACL-injured patients

Aritoshi Yoshihara, Renaud Siboni, Yusuke Nakagawa, Caroline Mouton, Christophe Jacquet, Tomomasa Nakamura, Ichiro Sekiya, Romain Seil, Hideyuki Koga*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

4 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Purpose: To investigate whether knee morphological features, patient characteristics, and intraoperative findings are associated with a lateral meniscus (LM) posterior root tear (LMPRT) in anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) injuries with the integrated data from two academic centres. Methods: This retrospective study used registry data acquired prospectively at two academic centres. Patients with ACL reconstruction (ACLR) with LMPRT and no other LM injury were selected (LMPRT group) from each database. The control group included patients who underwent ACLR without LM tears. Patients were matched to the LMPRT group according to age and gender (1:1). Morphological factors evaluated on preoperative magnetic resonance image scans included lateral femoral condyle (LFC) anterior–posterior diameter, height, and depth; lateral tibial plateau (LTP) articular surface (AS) depth and sagittal plane depth; and lateral and medial posterior tibial slopes (PTSs). LFC height and depth ratios, LTP AS depth and sagittal plane depth ratios, and lateral-to-medial slope asymmetry were computed from previous measurements. Patient characteristics and intraoperative findings were extracted and compared between both groups. Results: The study included 252 patients (126 in each group). The lateral–medial asymmetry of PTS was greater in the LMPRT group (1.2° vs 0.3°, p < 0.05), and the LTP AS depth was smaller in the LMPRT group (31.4 mm vs 33.2 mm, p < 0.01). There were no differences in LFC morphology between the control and LMPRT groups. Pivot shift grade (p < 0.05), percentage of complete ACL tears (p < 0.05), and medial meniscus ramp lesions (p < 0.05) were significantly higher in the LMPRT group. Conclusion: LMPRT was associated with significantly increased lateral–medial asymmetry of PTS and significantly smaller LTP AS depth. LMPRT was also associated with an increase in the preoperative pivot shift grade and the presence of a medial meniscus ramp lesion. These morphological characteristics are rather simple to measure and would serve as helpful indicators to preoperatively detect LMPRT, which is frequently challenging to diagnose preoperatively. Level of evidence: Level III.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)3594-3603
Number of pages10
JournalKnee Surgery, Sports Traumatology, Arthroscopy
Volume31
Issue number9
Early online date19 Jan 2023
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Sept 2023

Keywords

  • ACL injury
  • Lateral meniscus posterior root tear
  • Lateral tibial plateau articular surface depth
  • Posterior tibial slope

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