The objective was to evaluate long term results after removal of a popliteal cyst with special focus on recurrence rate and associated intraarticular pathology. Between 1982 and 1995 71 patients (23 women and 48 men between 21 and 75 years of age) underwent removal of a popliteal cyst. An additional arthroscopy of the knee joint was carried out in 51 consecutive patients starting in 1988. The mean follow up was 6.5 years (2 to 15 years), 66 patients (93%) were available. The subjective satisfaction with the outcome was assessed using a visual analogue scale (VAS) graded from 1 (highly satisfied) to 10 (highly dissatisfied). The popliteal region was evaluated by ultrasonography for recurrence of a cyst. During arthroscopy the predominant associated intraarticular pathologic finding was the lesion of the posterior horn of the medial meniscus (75%) and the lesion of the hyaline cartilage (90%). The cyst recurrence rate was 71%. In this subgroup grade III and grade IV chondral lesions were significantly more frequent (p<0.001). Patients with a recurrence of the popliteal cyst rated the result significantly worse (7.6±2.3 vs. 3.4±2.3; p<0.001). The recurrence rate was relatively high in the long term follow up. It depends strongly on the type of associated intraarticular pathology. Especially grade III and grade IV chondral lesions correlated significantly with recurrence of a popliteal cyst after removal. Therefore, the main goal of surgery should be the successful treatment of associated intraarticular pathologies.
|Translated title of the contribution||Long-term results after removal of popliteal cysts|
|Number of pages||5|
|Publication status||Published - 2001|
- Intraarticular pathologies
- Knee joint
- Popliteal cyst
- Recurrence rate