Tendon injuries are a very common pathology in sports. A unified terminology is necessary for their correct diagnosis, therapy, prognostics and scientific research. Generally acute and chronic as well as overuse injuries are differentiated. A classification of tendon injuries in sports bases as preferably on a combination of anatomic localization, etiology, duration, symptoms, clinical findings and pathological changes. Beside older categorisations and gradings of tendinopathies in sports the recent clinical classification of tendinopathies of athletes by Gremion and Zufferey are presented. Furthermore a description of specific classifications of particular tendon injuries follows as well as avulsion lesions in adolescents.
- avulsion lesion
- tendon injuries