This study was designed to document possible changes in bupivacaine (B) local anaesthetic activity and pharmacokinetics in mice after a ketamine (K) injection. In the experiments, bupivacaine (8.25 mg.kg-1), was injected into the popliteal space of the right posterior limb: the local anaesthetic activity was assessed according to a sciatic nerve blockade method with three different doses (2, 10 and 40 mg/kg) of ketamine and the kinetics were studied after a 10 mg/kg dose. When ketamine was associated, die local anesthetic activity of bupivacaine was significantly enhanced as well as its elimination half-life. Significantly lower levels of the main metabolite, PPX, were observed, when ketamine was associated, suggesting a metabolic inhibition phenomenon. The ketamine-induced increase in the total anaesthetic effect of bupivacaine may thus be explained by kinetic modifications i.e. a possible inhibiting effect of ketamine on the metabolism of bupivacaine.
- Local anaesthetics