Improvement of cytoprotective and antioxidant activity of Rosa canina L. and Salix alba L. And controlled differential sieving process against H2O2-induced oxidative stress in mouse primary splenocytes

Nidhal Soualeh, Aliçia Stiévenard, Elie Baudelaire, Rachid Soulimani, Jaouad Bouayed*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

3 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

In this study, cytoprotective and antioxidant activities of Rosa canina (RC) and Salix alba (SA), medicinal plants, were studied on mouse primary splenocytes by comparing Controlled Differential Sieving process (CDSp), which is a novel green solvent-free process, versus a conventional technique, employing hydroethanolic extraction (HEE). Thus, preventive antioxidant activity of three plant powders of homogeneous particle sizes, 50–100 μm, 100–180 μm and 180–315 μm, dissolved directly in the cellular buffer, were compared to those of hydroethanolic (HE) extract, at 2 concentrations (250 and 500 μg/mL) in H2O2-treated spleen cells. Overall, compared to HE extract, the superfine powders, i. e., fractions < 180 μm, at the lowest concentration, resulted in greater reactive oxygen species (ROS) elimination, increased glutathione peroxidase (GPx) activity and lower malondialdehyde (MDA) production. Better antioxidant and preventive effects in pre-treated cells were found with the superfine powders for SA (i. e., 50–100 μm and 100–180 μm, both p < 0.001), and with the intermediate powder for RC (i. e., 100–180 μm, p < 0.05) versus HE extract. The activity levels of catalase (CAT) and superoxide dismutase (SOD) in pretreated splenocytes exposed to H2O2, albeit reduced, were near to those in unexposed cells, suggesting that pretreatment with the fine powders has relatively restored the normal levels of antioxidant-related enzymes. These findings supported that CDSp improved the biological activities of plants, avoiding the use of organic solvents and thus it could be a good alternative to conventional extraction techniques.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)191-200
Number of pages10
JournalInternational Journal for Vitamin and Nutrition Research
Volume87
Issue number3-4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2017
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Antioxidant activity
  • Controlled differential sieving process
  • Cytoprotective activity
  • Rosa canina L
  • Salix alba L
  • Splenocytes

Cite this