Immunocytochemical Characterization of Extracellular Matrix Proteins Expressed by Cultured Glioma Cells

Rolf Bjerkvig, Ole Didrik Laerum, Garry J. Rucklidge

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46 Citations (Scopus)


The immunolocalization of type I, III and IV collagens and fibronectin in two rat glioma cell lines in vitro (BT4C and BT4Cn) is described. In addition, antibodies against denatured type I and III collagens were used to study breakdown products of native type I and III collagens. For the BT4C cells, the extracellular matrix expression in monolayer cultures and in multicellular tumor spheroids was compared. Type IV collagen was strongly expressed in BT4C tumor spheroids but was negative in the corresponding monolayer cultures. Denatured type I collagen was found both in monolayers and in spheroids of BT4C, suggesting either a rapid turnover (i.e., synthesis and immediate breakdown) of type I collagen or an altered collagen gene transcription. Both cell lines were negative for native type I and III and denatured type III collagen. Fibronectin was strongly expressed in both cell lines. Supporting the immunofluorescence data, the hydroxyproline content in the tumor spheroids was twice the amount found in monolayer cultures. Sodium dodecyl sulfate-polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis combined with immunoblotting also verified the immunostaining experiments, showing that glioma spheroids and injected tumor cells have the potential for fibronectin and collagen production, given the appropriate growth conditions.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)5424-5428
Number of pages5
JournalCancer Research
Issue number19
Publication statusPublished - 1 Oct 1989
Externally publishedYes


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