Identification and Functional Testing of ERCC2 Mutations in a Multi-national Cohort of Patients with Familial Breast- and Ovarian Cancer

Andreas Rump, Anna Benet-Pages, Steffen Schubert, Jan Dominik Kuhlmann*, Ramūnas Janavičius, Eva Macháčková, Lenka Foretová, Zdenek Kleibl, Filip Lhota, Petra Zemankova, Elitza Betcheva-Krajcir, Luisa Mackenroth, Karl Hackmann, Janin Lehmann, Anke Nissen, Nataliya DiDonato, Romy Opitz, Holger Thiele, Karin Kast, Pauline WimbergerElke Holinski-Feder, Steffen Emmert, Evelin Schröck, Barbara Klink

*Corresponding author for this work

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23 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The increasing application of gene panels for familial cancer susceptibility disorders will probably lead to an increased proposal of susceptibility gene candidates. Using ERCC2 DNA repair gene as an example, we show that proof of a possible role in cancer susceptibility requires a detailed dissection and characterization of the underlying mutations for genes with diverse cellular functions (in this case mainly DNA repair and basic cellular transcription). In case of ERCC2, panel sequencing of 1345 index cases from 587 German, 405 Lithuanian and 353 Czech families with breast and ovarian cancer (BC/OC) predisposition revealed 25 mutations (3 frameshift, 2 splice-affecting, 20 missense), all absent or very rare in the ExAC database. While 16 mutations were unique, 9 mutations showed up repeatedly with population-specific appearance. Ten out of eleven mutations that were tested exemplarily in cell-based functional assays exert diminished excision repair efficiency and/or decreased transcriptional activation capability. In order to provide evidence for BC/OC predisposition, we performed familial segregation analyses and screened ethnically matching controls. However, unlike the recently published RECQL example, none of our recurrent ERCC2 mutations showed convincing co-segregation with BC/OC or significant overrepresentation in the BC/OC cohort. Interestingly, we detected that some deleterious founder mutations had an unexpectedly high frequency of > 1% in the corresponding populations, suggesting that either homozygous carriers are not clinically recognized or homozygosity for these mutations is embryonically lethal. In conclusion, we provide a useful resource on the mutational landscape of ERCC2 mutations in hereditary BC/OC patients and, as our key finding, we demonstrate the complexity of correct interpretation for the discovery of “bonafide” breast cancer susceptibility genes.

Original languageEnglish
Article numbere1006248
JournalPLoS Genetics
Volume12
Issue number8
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Aug 2016
Externally publishedYes

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