ICTV Virus Taxonomy Profile: Matonaviridae 2022

Annette Mankertz, Min Hsin Chen, Tony L. Goldberg, Judith M. Hübschen, Florian Pfaff, Rainer G. Ulrich, Report Consortium Ictv Report Consortium

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

3 Citations (Scopus)


The family Matonaviridae comprises enveloped viruses with positive-sense RNA genomes of 9.6-10 kb. The genus Rubivirus includes rubella virus (species Rubivirus rubellae) infecting humans, ruhugu virus (species Rubivirus ruteetense) infecting bats and rustrela virus (species Rubivirus strelense) infecting rodents and zoo animals. Rubella virus is spread via droplets. Postnatal infection leads to benign disease with rash and fever. Infection of seronegative women with rubella virus during the first trimester of pregnancy will often result in severe foetal malformations, known as congenital rubella syndrome. Vaccines are globally available. This is a summary of the International Committee on Taxonomy of Viruses (ICTV) Report on the family Matonaviridae, which is available at ictv.global/report/matonaviridae.

Original languageEnglish
Article number001817
JournalJournal of General Virology
Issue number12
Publication statusPublished - 1 Dec 2022


  • ICTV Report
  • Matonaviridae
  • rubella virus
  • taxonomy


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