HLA class I deficiencies due to mutations in subunit 1 of the peptide transporter TAP1

Henri De La Salle, Jacques Zimmer, Dominique Fricker, Catherine Angenieux, Jean Pierre Cazenave, Mitsuo Okubo, Hiroo Maeda, Alessandro Plebani, Marie Marthe Tongio, Anne Dormoy, Daniel Hanau

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99 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The transporter associated with antigen processing (TAP), which is composed of two subunits (TAP1 and TAP2) that have different biochemical and functional properties, plays a key role in peptide loading and the cell surface expression of HLA class I molecules. Three cases of HLA class I deficiency have previously been shown to result from the absence of a functional TAP2 subunit. In the present study, we analyzed two cases displaying not only the typical lung syndrome of HLA class I deficiency but also skin lesions, and found these patients to be TAP1-deficient. This defect leads to unstable HLA class I molecules and their retention in the endoplasmic reticulum. However, the absence of TAP1 is compatible with life and does not seem to result in higher susceptibility to vital infections than TAP2 deficiency. This work also reveals that vasculitis is often observed in HLA class I-deficient patients.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)R9-R13
JournalJournal of Clinical Investigation
Volume103
Issue number5
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Mar 1999
Externally publishedYes

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