This study aims at defining gait pathomechanics in patients with hip osteoarthritis (OA) and their effect on hip joint loading by combining analyses of hip kinematics, kinetics and contact forces during gait. Twenty patients with hip OA and 17 healthy volunteers matched for age and BMI performed three-dimensional gait analysis. Hip OA level was evaluated based on plane radiographs using the Tönnis classification. Hip joint kinematics, kinetics as well as hip contact forces were calculated. Waveforms were time normalized and compared between groups using statistical parametric mapping analysis. Patients walked with reduced hip adduction angle and reduced hip abduction and external rotation moments. The work generated by the hip abductors during the stance phase of gait was largely decreased. These changes resulted in a decrease and a more vertical and anterior orientation of the hip contact forces compared to healthy controls. This study documents alterations in hip kinematics and kinetics resulting in decreased hip loading in patients with hip OA. The results suggested that patients altered their gait to increase medio-lateral stability, thereby decreasing demand on the hip abductors. These findings support discharge of abductor muscles that may bear clinical relevance of tailored rehabilitation targeting hip abductor muscles strengthening and gait retraining.
- Hip Contact Force
- Hip Osteoarthritis
- Musculoskeletal Modelling
- Statistical Parametric Mapping