High-sensitivity troponin-T as a prognostic marker after out-of-hospital cardiac arrest – A targeted temperature management (TTM) trial substudy

Patrik Gilje*, Sasha Koul, Jakob Hartvig Thomsen, Yvan Devaux, Hans Friberg, Michael Kuiper, Janneke Horn, Niklas Nielsen, Tomasso Pellis, Pascal Stammet, Matthew P. Wise, Jesper Kjaergaard, Christian Hassager, David Erlinge

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

15 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Aim of the study Predicting outcome of unconscious patients after successful resuscitation is challenging and better prognostic markers are highly needed. Ischemic heart disease is a common cause of out-of-hospital cardiac arrest (OHCA). Whether or not high-sensitivity troponin T (hs-TnT) is a prognostic marker among survivors of OHCA with both ischemic and non-ischemic aetiologies remains to be determined. We sought to evaluate the ability of hs-TnT to prognosticate all-cause mortality, death due to cardiovascular causes or multi-organ failure and death due to cerebral causes after OHCA. The influence of the level of target temperature management on hs-TnT as a marker of infarct size was also assessed. Methods A total of 699 patients from the targeted temperature management (TTM) trial were included and hs-TnT was analyzed in blood samples from 24, 48 and 72 h after return of spontaneous circulation (ROSC). The endpoints were 180 day all-cause mortality, death due to cardiovascular causes or multi-organ failure and death due to cerebral causes. Subgroups based on the initial ECG after ROSC (STEMI vs all other ECG presentations) were analyzed. Results Hs-TnT was independently associated with all-cause mortality which was driven by death due to cardiovascular causes or multi-organ failure and not cerebral causes (at 48 h: OR 1.10, CI 1.01–1.20, p < 0.05). Hs-TnT was also an independent predictor of death due to cardiovascular causes or multi-organ failure (at 48 h: OR 1.13, CI 1.01–1.26, p < 0.05). In patients with STEMI, hs-TnT was independently associated with death due to cardiovascular causes or multi-organ failure (at 48 h: OR 1.47, CI 1.10–1.95, p < 0.01). Targeted temperature management at 33 °C was not associated with hs-TnT compared to 36 °C. Conclusions After OHCA due to both ischemic and non-ischemic causes, hs-TnT is an independent marker of both all-cause mortality and death due to cardiovascular causes or multi-organ failure. Targeted temperature management at 33 °C did not reduce hs-TnT compared to 36 °C. Hs-TnT may be a marker of poor prognosis after OHCA and this should be taken into consideration in patients that present with high troponin levels. Trial registration The TTM-trial is registered and accessible at Clinicaltrials.gov (identifier: NCT01020916).

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)156-161
Number of pages6
JournalResuscitation
Volume107
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Oct 2016

Keywords

  • High-sensitivity troponin T
  • Hypothermia
  • Out-of-hospital cardiac arrest
  • Prognosis
  • TTM-trial

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