Hematopoietic stem cells develop in the absence of endothelial cadherin 5 expression

Heidi Anderson, Taylor C. Patch, Pavankumar N.G. Reddy, Elliott J. Hagedorn, Peter G. Kim, Kathleen A. Soltis, Michael J. Chen, Owen J. Tamplin, Maike Frye, Glenn A. MacLean, Kathleen Hübner, Daniel E. Bauer, John P. Kanki, Guillaume Vogin, Nicholas C. Huston, Minh Nguyen, Yuko Fujiwara, Barry H. Paw, Dietmar Vestweber, Leonard I. ZonStuart H. Orkin, George Q. Daley, Dhvanit I. Shah*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

18 Citations (Scopus)


Rare endothelial cells in the aorta-gonad-mesonephros (AGM) transition into hematopoietic stem cells (HSCs) during embryonic development. Lineage tracing experiments indicate that HSCs emerge from cadherin 5 (Cdh5; vascular endothelial-cadherin)+ endothelial precursors, and isolated populations of Cdh5+ cells from mouse embryos and embryonic stem cells can be differentiated into hematopoietic cells. Cdh5 has also been widely implicated as a marker of AGM-derivedhemogenic endothelial cells. Because Cdh5-/- mice embryos die before the first HSCs emerge, it is unknown whether Cdh5 has a direct role in HSC emergence. Our previous genetic screen yielded malbec (mlbbw306), a zebrafish mutant for cdh5, with normal embryonic and definitive blood. Using time-lapse confocal imaging, parabiotic surgical pairing of zebrafish embryos, and blastula transplantation assays, we show that HSCs emerge, migrate, engraft, and differentiate in the absence of cdh5 expression. By tracing Cdh5-/- green fluorescent protein (GFP)+/+ cells in chimeric mice, we demonstrated that Cdh5-/- GFP+/+ HSCs emerging from embryonic day 10.5 and 11.5 (E10.5 and E11.5) AGM or derived from E13.5 fetal liver not only differentiate into hematopoietic colonies but also engraft and reconstitute multilineage adult blood. We also developed a conditional mouse Cdh5 knockout (Cdh5flox/flox:Scl-Cre-ERT) and demonstrated that multipotent hematopoietic colonies form despite the absence of Cdh5. These data establish that Cdh5, a marker of hemogenic endothelium in the AGM, is dispensable for the transition ofhemogenic endotheliumto HSCs.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2811-2820
Number of pages10
Issue number26
Publication statusPublished - 24 Dec 2015
Externally publishedYes


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