GATA3 as a Blood-Based RNA Biomarker for Idiopathic Parkinson’s Disease

on behalf of the NCER-PD Consortium

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review


Finding novel biomarkers for Parkinson’s disease (PD) is crucial for early disease diagnosis, severity assessment and identifying novel disease-modifying drug targets. Our study aimed at investigating the GATA3 mRNA levels in whole blood samples of idiopathic PD (iPD) patients with different disease severities as a biomarker for iPD. The present study is a cross-sectional, case-control study, with samples obtained from the Luxembourg Parkinson’s cohort (LuxPARK). iPD (N = 319) patients, along with age-matched controls without PD (non-PD; N = 319) were included in this study. Blood GATA3 mRNA expression was measured using quantitative reverse transcription PCR (RT-qPCR) assays. The capacity of GATA3 expression levels to establish the diagnosis of iPD (primary end-point) and assess disease severity (secondary end-point) was determined. The blood levels of GATA3 were significantly lower in iPD patients, compared to non-PD controls (p ≤ 0.001). Logistic regression models showed a significant association of GATA3 expression with iPD diagnosis after adjustment for the confounders (p = 0.005). Moreover, the addition of GATA3 expression to a baseline clinical model improved its iPD diagnosis capacity (p = 0.005). There was a significant association of GATA3 expression levels with the overall disease severity (p = 0.002), non-motor experiences of daily living (nm-EDL; p = 0.003) and sleep disturbances (p = 0.01). Our results suggest that GATA3 expression measured in blood may serve as a novel biomarker and may help in the diagnosis of iPD and assessment of disease severity.

Original languageEnglish
Article number10040
JournalInternational Journal of Molecular Sciences
Issue number12
Publication statusPublished - 12 Jun 2023


  • blood-based biomarker
  • diagnosis
  • GATA3
  • Parkinson’s disease (PD)


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