Fish Processing and Digestion Affect Parvalbumins Detectability in Gilthead Seabream and European Seabass

Denise Schrama, Cláudia Raposo de Magalhães, Marco Cerqueira, Raquel Carrilho, Dominique Revets, Annette Kuehn, Sofia Engrola, Pedro M. Rodrigues*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

Abstract

Consumption of aquatic food, including fish, accounts for 17% of animal protein intake. However, fish consumption might also result in several side-effects such as sneezing, swelling and anaphylaxis in sensitized consumers. Fish allergy is an immune reaction to allergenic proteins in the fish muscle, for instance parvalbumin (PV), considered the major fish allergen. In this study, we characterize PV in two economically important fish species for southern European aquaculture, namely gilthead seabream and European seabass, to understand its stability during in vitro digestion and fish processing. This information is crucial for future studies on the allergenicity of processed fish products. PVs were extracted from fish muscles, identified by mass spectrometry (MS), and detected by sandwich enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) after simulated digestion and various food processing treatments. Secondary structures were determined by circular dichroism (CD) after purification by anion exchange and gel filtration chromatography. In both species, PVs presented as α-helical and β-sheet structures, at room temperature, were shown to unfold at boiling temperatures. In European seabass, PV detectability decreased during the simulated digestion and after 240 min (intestinal phase) no detection was observed, while steaming showed a decrease (p < 0.05) in PVs detectability in comparison to raw muscle samples, for both species. Additionally, freezing (−20 °C) for up to 12 months continued to reduce the detectability of PV in tested processing techniques. We concluded that PVs from both species are susceptible to digestion and processing techniques such as steaming and freezing. Our study obtained preliminary results for further research on the allergenic potential of PV after digestion and processing.

Original languageEnglish
Article number3022
JournalAnimals
Volume12
Issue number21
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 3 Nov 2022

Keywords

  • European seabass
  • fish processing
  • gastrointestinal digestion
  • gilthead seabream
  • parvalbumin

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