Background: The measures recommended to reduce TTD include clinical selection of donors, based on a standardized questionnaire which aims to find out antecedents and behaviours predicting transmitted diseases within donors. The effectiveness of this measure is well established in the industrialized countries where the level of education of the population may support a greater receptivity of donors about this procedure. What is happening in developing one? Aim: This study was carried out to assess knowledge attitude and behaviours among blood donors regarding blood and transfusion safety in Burkina Faso. Methods: A cross sectional study was carried out in the blood bank of the teaching hospital of Ouagadougou. In addition to the routine questionnaire, 544 included blood donors were subjected to additional questions seeking to specify their behaviours, knowledge and attitude towards TTD diseases and screening. Results: Donors were from 16 to 57 years of age (mean age : 28 ± 7.9 years). The majority of donors were male (71.2%). Family donors represent 52% and first time donors 55%. About 30.8% were illiterate or of primary school level. A percentage of 14.4 donate to access HIV testing and 30.7% will donate blood immediately to check any contamination in case of exposure. There was no difference between donors having been informed about their HIV status in the past and the other donors regarding HIV, HBs Ag and VHC results. Conclusions: This study suggests that there is some great need for donors' education on transfusion safety. There is also need for staff training in donors' management.
|Translated title of the contribution||Lack of knowledge of blood donors in Burkina Faso (West Africa); Potential obstacle to transfusion security|
|Number of pages||7|
|Journal||Transfusion Clinique et Biologique|
|Publication status||Published - Nov 2007|
- Blood donors
- Burkina Faso