Evaluation of the Prognostic Value of Pretherapeutic Magnetic Resonance Imaging in Predicting Soft Tissue Sarcoma Radiation Response: A Retrospective Study from a Large Institutional Sarcoma Imaging Database

Guillaume Vogin*, Matthias Lepage, Julia Salleron, Mathilde Cuenin, Alain Blum, Pedro Augusto Gondim Teixeira

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

Abstract

Background: RT-induced hyalinization/fibrosis was recently evidenced as a significant independent predictor for complete response to neoadjuvant radiotherapy (RT) and survival in patients with soft tissue sarcoma (STS). Purpose: Non-invasive predictive markers of histologic response after neoadjuvant RT of STS are expected. Materials and Methods: From May 2010 to April 2017, patients with a diagnosis of STS who underwent neoadjuvant RT for limb STS were retrieved from a single center prospective clinical imaging database. Tumor Apparent Diffusion Coefficients (ADC) and areas under the time-intensity perfusion curve (AUC) were compared with the histologic necrosis ratio, fibrosis, and cellularity in post-surgical specimens. Results: We retrieved 29 patients. The median ADC value was 134.3 × 10−3 mm2/s. ADC values positively correlated with the post-treatment tumor necrosis ratio (p = 0.013). Median ADC values were lower in patients with less than 50% necrosis and higher in those with more than 50% (120.3 × 10−3 mm2/s and 202.0 × 10−3 mm2/s, respectively (p = 0.020). ADC values higher than 161 × 10−3 mm2/s presented a 95% sensitivity and a 55% specificity for the identification of tumors with more than 50% tumor necrosis ratio. Tumor-to-muscle AUC ratios were associated with histologic fibrosis (p = 0.036). Conclusions: ADC and perfusion AUC correlated, respectively, with radiation-induced tumor necrosis and fibrosis.

Original languageEnglish
Article number878
JournalCancers
Volume16
Issue number5
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 22 Feb 2024
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Apparent Diffusion Coefficient (ADC)
  • Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI)
  • neoadjuvant radiotherapy
  • posttreatment necrosis
  • soft tissue sarcoma

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