A simple multi-residue method was developed for detecting and quantifying 33 analytes from 13 classes of antibiotics (tetracyclines (3), quinolones (7), penicillins (3), ionophore coccidiostats (7), macrolides (3), sulfonamides (1), quinoxalines (2), phenicols (2), lincosamides (1), diaminopyrimidines (1), polypeptides (1), streptogramins (1) and pleuromutilins (1)) in animal feeds. Extraction and clean-up procedures were optimized with spiked piglet feed. Samples were extracted by ultrasonic-assisted extraction with a mixture of methanol/acetonitrile/McIlvaine buffer at pH 4.6 (37.5/37.5/25, v/v/v) containing 0.3% of EDTA-Na2, followed by a clean up using a dispersive solid-phase extraction (d-SPE) with PSA (primary secondary amine). Detection of antibiotics was achieved by liquid chromatography-electrospray tandem mass spectrometry (LC-ESI-MS/MS) within 28min using both positive and negative ESI mode. Average recoveries ranged from 51% (oxytetracycline) to 116% (tilmicosin) with associated relative standard deviations of 7.3% and 9.0% and an overall mean of 87%. Limits of quantification ranged from 3.8ngg-1 (lincomycin) to 65.0ngg-1 (bacitracin). Following optimization, the method was further verified for bovine and lamb feedingstuffs; negative matrix effects were evaluated and overcome by a standard addition method.
- Matrix effects
- Standard addition method