Determination of the volume of sweat accumulated in a sweat-patch using sodium and potassium as internal reference

Brice M.R. Appenzeller*, Claude Schummer, Sophie Boura Rodrigues, Robert Wennig

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

41 Citations (Scopus)


In the present work, we assessed the suitability of sodium and potassium physiologically present in sweat, as internal reference allowing to re-calculate the corresponding volume of sweat collected on a PharmChek™ Patch. A method using capillary electrophoresis with indirect ultra-violet detection was developed for the determination of sodium and potassium in sweat. The concentrations determined in specimens collected from 12 females and 10 males, using a home-made system composed of polypropylene copolymer bag, were 1039 ± 89 mg/L and 711 ± 45 mg/L for sodium, and 489 ± 293 mg/L and 474 ± 196 mg/L for potassium, respectively. In parallel, for seven females and eight males, the comparison of the volume of sweat collected in the same way to the re-calculated volume of sweat accumulated in a patch using sodium as internal standard, gave an average agreement of 98.4 ± 15.0%. Results demonstrated the usefulness of sodium as internal standard to determine the volume of sweat accumulated in a patch, and confirm the suitability of PharmChek™ patch for the collection and determination of cations in sweat.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)333-337
Number of pages5
JournalJournal of Chromatography B: Analytical Technologies in the Biomedical and Life Sciences
Issue number1-2
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jun 2007


  • Capillary electrophoresis
  • Internal reference
  • Potassium
  • Sodium
  • Sweat patch


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