Malignant human glioma D-298 MG amplifies a rearranged epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) gene (c-erbB proto-oncogene), resulting in an in-frame deletion of 83 amino acids in domain IV of the extracellular domain of the EGFR. EGF and transforming growth factor-α (TGF-α) bound to the mutant EGFR with high affinity and enhanced the intrinsic mutant EGFR kinase activity. The mutant EGFR was capable of transducing EGF-stimulated glioma cell proliferation and invasiveness in an in vitro three-dimensional spheroid model. The deletion-mutant EGFR in D-298 MG is capable of being activated by growth factor; this suggests that overexpression of this mutant EGFR protein rather than structural alteration may be the more significant biologic event.
|Number of pages||8|
|Journal||Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications|
|Publication status||Published - 15 Aug 1991|