Deep-brain-stimulation does not impair deglutition in Parkinson's disease

Sabrina Lengerer, Judy Kipping, Natalie Rommel, Daniel Weiss, Sorin Breit, Thomas Gasser, Christian Plewnia, Rejko Krüger, Tobias Wächter*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

35 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Objective: A large proportion of patients with Parkinson's disease develop dysphagia during the course of the disease. Dysphagia in Parkinson's disease affects different phases of deglutition, has a strong impact on quality of life and may cause severe complications, i.e. aspirational pneumonia. So far, little is known on how deep-brain-stimulation of the subthalamic nucleus influences deglutition in PD. Methods: Videofluoroscopic swallowing studies on 18 patients with Parkinson's disease, which had been performed preoperatively, and postoperatively with deep-brain-stimulation-on and deep-brain-stimulation-off, were analyzed retrospectively. The patients were examined in each condition with three consistencies (viscous, fluid and solid). The '. New Zealand Index for Multidisciplinary Evaluation of Swallowing (NZIMES) Subscale One' for qualitative and '. Logemann-MBS-Parameters' for quantitative evaluation were assessed. Results: Preoperatively, none of the patients presented with clinically relevant signs of dysphagia. While postoperatively, the mean daily levodopa equivalent dosage was reduced by 50% and deep-brain-stimulation led to a 50% improvement in motor symptoms measured by the UPDRS III, no clinically relevant influence of deep-brain-stimulation-on swallowing was observed using qualitative parameters (NZIMES). However quantitative parameters (Logemann scale) found significant changes of pharyngeal parameters with deep-brain-stimulation-on as compared to preoperative condition and deep-brain-stimulation-off mostly with fluid consistency. Conclusion: In Parkinson patients without dysphagia deep-brain-stimulation of the subthalamic nucleus modulates the pharyngeal deglutition phase but has no clinically relevant influence on deglutition. Further studies are needed to test if deep-brain-stimulation is a therapeutic option for patients with swallowing disorders.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)847-853
Number of pages7
JournalParkinsonism and Related Disorders
Volume18
Issue number7
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Aug 2012
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Deep-brain-stimulation
  • Dysphagia
  • Nucleus subthalamicus
  • Parkinson
  • Swallowing

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