Decrease of O2 deficit is a potential factor in increased time to exhaustion after specific endurance training

Alexandre P. Demarle, Jean J. Slawinski, Laurent P. Laffite, Valery G. Bocquet, Jean P. Koralsztein, Veronique L. Billat*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

90 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The main purpose of this study was to investigate the effects of an 8-wk severe interval training program on the parameters of oxygen uptake kinetics, such as the oxygen deficit and the slow component, and their potential consequences on the time until exhaustion in a severe run performed at the same absolute velocity before and after training. Six endurancetrained runners performed, on a 400-m synthetic track, an incremental test and an all-out test, at 93% of the velocity at maximal oxygen consumption, to assess the time until exhaustion. These tests were carried out before and after 8 wk of a severe interval training program, which was composed of two sessions of interval training at 93% of the velocity at maximal oxygen consumption and three recovery sessions of continuous training at 60-70% of the velocity at maximal oxygen consumption per week. Neither the oxygen deficit nor the slow component were correlated with the time until exhaustion (r = -0.300, P = 0.24, n = 18 vs. r = -0.420, P = 0.09, n = 18, respectively). After training, the oxygen deficit significantly decreased (P = 0.02), and the slow component did not change (P = 0.44). Only three subjects greatly improved their time until exhaustion (by 10, 24, and 101%). The changes of oxygen deficit were significantly correlated with the changes of time until exhaustion (r = -0.911, P = 0.01, n = 6). It was concluded that the decrease of oxygen deficit was a potential factor for the increase of time until exhaustion in a severe run performed after a specific endurance-training program.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)947-953
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Applied Physiology
Volume90
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2001
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Fatigue
  • Interval training
  • Oxygen uptake kinetics
  • Running

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