Crossreactivity of mimotopes and peptide homologues of a sequential epitope with a monoclonal antibody does not predict crossreactive immunogenicity

Karim C. El Kasmi, Sabrina Deroo, Dietmar M. Theisen, Nicolaas H.C. Brons, Claude P. Muller*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

19 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The sequence H236-256 of the measles virus (MV) hemagglutinin (H) contains the sequential epitope of the neutralizing and protective monoclonal antibody (mAb) BH129 with the minimal epitope E245L-QL249. Using this mAb, we have recently developed 7mer mimotopes binding up to 135x better than the corresponding 7mer epitope H244-250. In this study, we combined T cell epitopes (TCE) with either highly crossreactive 7mer mimotopes, 13mer mimotopes or less crossreactive MV-derived B cell epitopes (BCE). Antigenicity of these TBB, TTB and TTBB peptides was determined with BH129 in a competition ELISA against MV. We found that chimeric peptides including mimotopes were up to 80x better binders to the mAb than peptides containing the original BCEs. All peptides irrespective of their antigenicity were used for immunization to compare their virus- crossreactive immunogenicity. Unexpectedly, none of the highly antigenic mimotope-based peptides induced MV-crossreactive antibodies. In contrast, a number of peptides with the viral BCE sequence that did not bind to the mAb, induced MV-crossreactive and even neutralizing antibodies.This report describes a striking example of disparity between antigenicity and crossreactive immunogenicity and casts considerable doubt on the predictive value of antigenicity in immunogenicity studies, considerably complicating the selection of potential vaccine candidates. Copyright (C) 1999 Elsevier Science Ltd.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)284-290
Number of pages7
JournalVaccine
Volume18
Issue number3-4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Sep 1999
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Antigenicity
  • Measles virus
  • Mimotope
  • Synthetic peptides

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