Cross-sectional associations of objectively measured physical activity, cardiorespiratory fitness and anthropometry in european adults

Angelika Wientzek*, María José Tormo Díaz, Jose Maria Huerta Castaño, Pilar Amiano, Larraitz Arriola, Kim Overvad, Jane Nautrup Østergaard, Marie Aline Charles, Guy Fagherazzi, Domenico Palli, Benedetta Bendinelli, Guri Skeie, Kristin Benjaminsen Borch, Wanda Wendel-Vos, Ellen De Hollander, Anne M. May, Marjolein Em Den Ouden, Antonia Trichopoulou, Elissavet Valanou, Stefan SöderbergPaul W. Franks, Soren Brage, Matthäus Vigl, Heiner Boeing, Ulf Ekelund

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

19 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Objective To quantify the independent associations between objectively measured physical activity (PA), cardiorespiratory fitness (CRF), and anthropometry in European men and women. Methods 2,056 volunteers from 12 centers across Europe were fitted with a heart rate and movement sensor at 2 visits 4 months apart for a total of 8 days. CRF (ml/kg/min) was estimated from an 8 minute ramped step test. A cross-sectional analysis of the independent associations between objectively measured PA (m/s2/d), moderate and vigorous physical activity (MVPA) (%time/d), sedentary time (%time/d), CRF, and anthropometry using sex stratified multiple linear regression was performed. Results In mutually adjusted models, CRF, PA, and MVPA were inversely associated with all anthropometric markers in women. In men, CRF, PA, and MVPA were inversely associated with BMI, whereas only CRF was significantly associated with the other anthropometric markers. Sedentary time was positively associated with all anthropometric markers, however, after adjustment for CRF significant in women only. Conclusion CRF, PA, MVPA, and sedentary time are differently associated with anthropometric markers in men and women. CRF appears to attenuate associations between PA, MVPA, and sedentary time. These observations may have implications for prevention of obesity.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)E127-E134
JournalObesity
Volume22
Issue number5
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - May 2014
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

Dive into the research topics of 'Cross-sectional associations of objectively measured physical activity, cardiorespiratory fitness and anthropometry in european adults'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this