Cell-type-specific differences in KDEL receptor clustering in mammalian cells

Achim Bauer, Ludger Santen, Manfred J. Schmitt, M. Reza Shaebani, Björn Becker

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

6 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

In eukaryotic cells, KDEL receptors (KDELRs) facilitate the retrieval of endoplasmic reticulum (ER) luminal proteins from the Golgi compartment back to the ER. Apart from the welldocumented retention function, recent findings reveal that the cellular KDELRs have more complex roles, e.g. in cell signalling, protein secretion, cell adhesion and tumorigenesis. Furthermore, several studies suggest that a sub-population of KDELRs is located at the cell surface, where they could form and internalize KDELR/cargo clusters after K/HDEL-ligand binding. However, so far it has been unclear whether there are species-or cell-type-specific differences in KDELR clustering. By comparing ligand-induced KDELR clustering in different mouse and human cell lines via live cell imaging, we show that macrophage cell lines from both species do not develop any clusters. Using RT-qPCR experiments and numerical analysis, we address the role of KDELR expression as well as endocytosis and exocytosis rates on the receptor clustering at the plasma membrane and discuss how the efficiency of directed transport to preferred docking sites on the membrane influences the exponent of the power-law distribution of the cluster size.

Original languageEnglish
Article numbere0235864
JournalPLoS ONE
Volume15
Issue number7 July
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jul 2020
Externally publishedYes

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