Carotenoids, polyphenols and micronutrient profiles of Brassica oleraceae and plum varieties and their contribution to measures of total antioxidant capacity

Anouk Kaulmann, Marie Caroline Jonville, Yves Jacques Schneider, Lucien Hoffmann, Torsten Bohn*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

119 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The consumption of phytochemicals such as carotenoids and polyphenols within whole fruits and vegetables has been associated with decreased incidence of various inflammation and oxidative stress related chronic diseases, which may be due to direct antioxidant effects, or indirect mechanisms such as affecting signal transduction/gene expression. Within the present study, we investigated the antioxidant composition of two major groups of vegetables and fruits, Brassica oleraceae and prunus spp., and estimated their contribution to antioxidant capacity. For this purpose, 17 plum and 27 Brassica varieties were collected in Luxembourg, and analysed for their individual polyphenol and carotenoid profile, vitamin C, dietary fibre, and minerals/trace elements, and their correlation with markers of antioxidant capacity (FRAP, ABTS, Folin-Ciocalteu). Total carotenoid and polyphenol content varied considerably between the different Brassica and plum varieties, with highest concentrations in the variety Kale (13.3 ± 0.58 mg/100 g wet weight) and Cherry plum (1.96 ± 0.28 mg/100 g) for carotenoids; and Kale (27.0 ± 0.91 mg/100 g) and Kirks plum (185 ± 14 mg/100 g) for polyphenols. In developed multiple linear-regression-models for Brassica, flavonoids, anthocyanins, lutein and vitamin C were found to be the best predictors of antioxidant capacity as assessed by FRAP (R2 = 0.832) and flavonoids, neochlorogenic acid and vitamin C as assessed by ABTS (R2 = 0.831); while for plums these were selenium, total sugars, chlorogenic acid and vitamin C (R2 = 0.853), and selenium, chlorogenic acid and flavonoids for FRAP (R2 = 0.711). When considering Brassica and plum consumption in Luxembourg, it is estimated that both contribute to an antioxidant intake equivalent to 26 and 6 mg per day of ascorbic acid equivalents, respectively.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)240-250
Number of pages11
JournalFood Chemistry
Volume155
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 15 Jul 2014
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Brassicaceae
  • Dietary intake
  • Micronutrients
  • Phytochemicals
  • Prunus spp

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