Bioaccumulation and risk assessment of per- and polyfluoroalkyl substances in wild freshwater fish from rivers in the Pearl River Delta region, South China

Chang Gui Pan, Jian Liang Zhao, You Sheng Liu, Qian Qian Zhang, Zhi Feng Chen, Hua Jie Lai, Feng Jiao Peng, Shuang Shuang Liu, Guang Guo Ying*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

87 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Per- and polyfluoroalkyl substances (PFASs) are used in various industries, which results in their ubiquitous occurrence in the environment. This study determined the concentrations of eighteen PFASs in muscle and liver of nine wild freshwater fish species collected from rivers in the Pearl River Delta (PRD) region, South China, and assessed their bioaccumulation and potential health risks to local people. The results showed that eight and twelve PFASs were detected in the fish muscle and liver samples, respectively. Perfluorooctane sulfonate (PFOS) was found to be the predominant PFAS both in muscle and liver with its highest concentrations of 79. ng/g wet weight (ww) in muscle and 1500. ng/g ww in liver, followed by Perfluoroundecanoic acid (PFUnDA) and Perfluorotridecanoic acid (PFTrDA) with trace concentrations. The mean PFOS concentrations in fish muscle and liver tissues of the nine collected species ranged from 0.40. ng/g in mud carp to 25. ng/g in snakehead, and from 5.6. ng/g in mud carp to 1100. ng/g in snakehead, respectively. Significant positive correlations were found among PFASs both in water and fish, indicating a similar pollution source for these PFASs. In tilapia samples, PFOS concentrations showed an increasing trend with increasing length and weight, but no significant difference between genders. Bioaccumulation factors (log. BAF) in fish for the PFASs were in the range from 2.1 to 5.0. The calculated hazard ratios (HR) of PFOS for all fishes were in the range of 0.05-2.8, with four out of nine species (tilapia, chub, leather catfish and snakehead) having their HR values more than 1.0. The results suggest that frequent consumption of these four fish species may pose health risks to local population.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)192-199
Number of pages8
JournalEcotoxicology and Environmental Safety
Volume107
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Sep 2014
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Bioaccumulation
  • Fish
  • PFASs
  • PFOS
  • Risk assessment

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