Antitumor efficacy improved by local delivery of species-specific endostatin

Peter C. Huszthy*, Christian Brekken, Tina B. Pedersen, Frits Thorsen, Per Øystein Sakariassen, Kai Ove Skaftnesmo, Olav Haraldseth, Per Eystein Lønning, Rolf Bjerkvig, Per Øyvind Enger

*Corresponding author for this work

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

    8 Citations (Scopus)


    Object. Conflicting results have been reported concerning the antitumor efficacy of the angiogenesis inhibitor endostatin. This may be due to differences in the biological distribution of endostatin between studies or to the varying biological efficacies of the different protein forms that were examined. To address this issue, the authors used a local delivery approach in which each tumor cell secreted endostatin, providing uniform endostatin levels throughout the tumors. This allowed a direct assessment of the biological efficacy of soluble endostatin in vivo. Methods. The authors genetically engineered BT4C gliosarcoma cells so that they would stably express and secrete either the human or murine form of endostatin. Endostatin-producing cells or mock-infected cells were implanted intracerebrally in syngeneic BD-IX rats. The antitumor efficacy of endostatin was evaluated on the basis of survival data and tumor volume comparisons. In addition, microvascular parameters were assessed. The authors confirmed the continuous release of endostatin by the BT4C cells. A magnetic resonance imaging-assisted comparison of tumor volumes revealed that local production of murine endostatin significantly inhibited tumor growth. Notably, 40% of the animals in this treatment group experienced long-term survival without histologically verifiable tumors 7 months after cell implantation. After local treatment with murine endostatin, tumor blood plasma volumes were reduced by 71%, microvessel density counts by 84%, and vascular area fractions by 75%. In contrast, human endostatin did not inhibit tumor growth significantly in this model. Centrally located regions of necrosis were present in tumors secreting both the human and the murine species-specific form of endostatin. Conclusions. The results suggest that endostatin inhibits tumor angiogenesis in vivo in a species-specific manner.

    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)118-128
    Number of pages11
    JournalJournal of Neurosurgery
    Issue number1
    Publication statusPublished - Jan 2006


    • Angiogenesis
    • Brain neoplasm
    • Endostatin
    • Local drug delivery
    • Species-specific form


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